While the biggest piece of your engine is mechanical, hydraulics plays a critical role. You’ll discover fluids at number of different areas. Your auto’s fluids include:
- Engine oil
- Transmission fluid
- Power steering fluid
- Brake fluid
- Washer fluid
These fluids must be transported from one part to the next to carry out their job. Consider engine coolant – it’s put away in your radiator and overflow tank/supply, but should move from that point to the engine and after that back once more. Power steering fluid is another prime example – it must be moved from the power steering fluid store at the pump, into the rack and afterward recycled yet again. Moving fluid from one area to next area requires hoses, and hoses are subjected to wear and tear. They’ll eventually decay and need to be replaced.
Hose leaks and their causes
Hose breaks are brought on by various diverse elements. One main reason being heat. Hoses in the engine bay are exposed to high temperatures all the time, both on the inside and out. For example, coolant hoses must deal with heat from the engine, and heat from the coolant itself.
The main material used for all hoses is rubber. Though it is an exceptionally strong material, it degrades. Exposure to high temperatures causes the rubber to dry out. As it dries, it becomes fragile. Weak rubber doesn’t do well with pressure or heat, and will eventually rip, tear or if nothing else rot to the point that you have a pinhole leak with fluid spraying out.
Another cause is contact with a hot or sharp surface. The wrong size hose, or one that has been crimped into an inaccurate position, may contact sharp or exceptionally hot surfaces in the engine bay. Sharp objects will damage the hose, basically slicing through the rubber (fueled by vibrations from a running engine). Also, exceptionally hot surfaces can melt rubber.
Finally, when you combine pressure with heat exposure, you have a formula for leaking. The greater part of the hoses in your engine convey pressurized fluid, including hot coolant, pressurized power steering fluid, and pressurized brake fluid. The basic principle and component of hydraulic systems is pressurized fluid, which builds pressure within the hose, and if a weak spot develops, it will punch through, making a leak.
Hose leaks may have nothing to do with the hoses by any means. If the leak is situated at an end, the issue may really be the clamp securing the hose to the inlet. A loose clamp can make a very serious leak with no damage necessary to the hose.