Spark plug is an device that is connected to the ignition coil to deliver an electric spark that sets charge to the fuel or air-fuel mixture within the cylinder of the internal combustion engine. It is a very important part of the engine and a malfunction of this part would mean that the fuel efficiency of your vehicle is inappropriate and can even lead to your vehicle not starting at all.
There are many types, sizes and brands of spark plugs available on the market. However, out of that enormous choice, just a handful will work with the bike engine you own. Also different brands (NGK, Bosch, DENSO, Champion, etc) will work better on various types of engines.
As a general rule of thumb, use the spark plug your manufacturer suggests for your bike (same brand and part number). Unless and until you don’t know about the functioning of the automobile, please do not try to dismount the spark plug.
Examine a spark plug correctly:
There are two distinctive principle ways to examine a spark plug.
#1 The main way is to simply unscrew it out of the engine and inspect the end of it
#2 The second way is the same as #1 with the exception of you go for a truly hard high revving ride on the motorcycle, pull over and after that unscrew every plug to examine them. (Simply make a point to utilize gloves as they will be very hot).
A spark plug can easily and rapidly let you know the state of a engine (decent or poor), how it is running (rich or incline) and the amount it will cost to fix it.
Symptoms: Dry dingy deposits show a rich mixture or weak ignition.
Causes misfiring, hard moving and reluctance.
Suggestions: Check for a blocked air component, high levitate level, sticky stifle and worn ignition points. Utilize a spark plug with a longer core nose for more noteworthy anti-fouling protection.
Symptoms: Oily covering caused by poor oil control. Oil has splashed past worn valve guides or piston rings into the combustion chamber.
Causes hard starting, misfiring and reluctance.
Suggestions: Correct the mechanical condition with fundamental repairs and install new plugs.
Symptoms: Blistered, white insulator, crumble electrode and absence of deposits. Results in shortened plug life.
Suggestions: Check for the correct plug heat range, incline fuel mixture, intake manifold vacuum spills and sticking valves. Check the coolant level and ensure the radiator is not obstructed.
Symptoms: Melted electrodes. Insulators are white, yet might be dirty because of failing of flying debris in the combustion chamber. Can lead to engine damage.
Suggestions: Check for the correct plug heat range, over-developed ignition timing, incline fuel blend, stopped up cooling system and lack of lubrication.
High Speed Glazing:
Symptoms: Insulator has yellowish, coated appearance. Indicates that combustion chamber temperatures have risen all of a sudden amid hard acceleration. Ordinary deposits dissolve to shape a conductive covering.
Causes misfiring at high speeds.
Suggestions: Put in new plugs.
Symptoms: Combustion deposits lodge between the electrodes. Overwhelming deposits collect and bridge the electrode gap. The plug stops to flame, bringing about a dead cylinder.
Suggestions: Find the faulty plug and expel the deposits from between the electrodes.
Symptoms: Brown to grayish-tan shading and slight electrode wear. Correct heat range for motor and working conditions.
Suggestions: When new spark plugs are installed replace with plugs of similar heat range.
Symptoms: Light brown deposits encrusted as an afterthought or center electrodes or both. Derived from oil and/or fuel added substances. Excessive amounts may cover the spark, causing misfiring and delay in the middle of acceleration.
Suggestions: If more deposits accumulate over a short time or low mileage, put in new valve guide seals to avoid leakage or oil into the combustion chambers. Also try changing fuel brands.
Symptoms: Rounded electrodes with a little amount of deposits on the terminating end. Normal color. Causes hard starting in moist or cold weather and poor fuel efficiency.
Suggestions: Replace with new plugs of the same heat range.
Symptoms: Insulators might be split or chipped, improper gap setting strategies can also result in a cracked insulator tip. Can lead to piston damage.
Suggestions: Ensure the fuel anti-knock values meet engine requirements. Use care when setting the gaps on new plugs. Avoid lugging the motor.
Symptoms: After long periods of misfiring, deposits can release when ordinary combustion temperature is re-established by an overdue tune-up. At high speeds, deposits piece off the piston and are tossed against the hot insulator, causing misfiring.
Suggestions: Replace the plugs with new ones or clean and reinstall the originals.
Symptoms: May be caused on by a dust object in the combustion chamber or the piston striking a mistaken extended(too long) plug. Causes a dead cylinder and could bring about piston damage.
Suggestions: expel the dust object from the engine and/or install the correct reach plug.