History of Renault
Renault Corporation is a French Multinational Automobile Manufacturer established in 1899 by Louis Renault and his brothers Marcel and Fernand as Société Renault Frères. It is headquartered in Boulogne-Billancourt, near Paris. It is made up of the namesake Renault marque and subsidiaries, Automobile Dacia from Romania (99.43%), and Renault Samsung Motors from South Korea (80.1%). Renault has a 43.4% controlling stake in Nissan of Japan, a 37% indirectly-owned stake in AvtoVAZ of Russia and a 1.55% stake in Daimler AG of Germany. Since 2012, Renault manufactures engines for the Daimler’s Mercedes A-Class and B-Class Cars.[i]
A significant percentage of London and Paris taxis had been built by Renault, by 1907. Renault was also the best-selling foreign brand in New York in 1907 and 1908. In 1908 the company produced 3,575 units, becoming the country’s largest car manufacturer.
Nissan Motor Company Ltd is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama. The company sells its cars under the Nissan, Infiniti, and Datsun brands with in-house performance tuning products labeled Nismo. Since 1999, Nissan has been part of the Renault–Nissan Alliance, a partnership between Nissan and French automaker. As of 2013, Renault holds a 43.4% voting stake in Nissan, while Nissan holds a 15% non-voting stake in Renault.
In 2013, Nissan was the sixth largest automaker in the world, after Toyota, General Motors, Volkswagen Group, Hyundai Motor Group, and Ford. Taken together, the Renault–Nissan Alliance would be the world’s fourth largest automaker, however Nissan is the leading Japanese brand in China, Russia and Mexico.
Manufacturing Plants in India
Renault Nissan Automotive India Private Limited have their manufacturing plant in Oragadam near Chennai. The plant has a capacity of 400,000 vehicles per annum. The capacity is divided equally between Renault India Private Limited and Nissan Motor India Private Limited.[ii]
Awards and Achievements
- With the launch of the KWID, Renault India registered a growth of 160% in domestic sales in December 2015. In March 2016, it launched the new DUSTER which promises to further drive its market share.
- CEO and Chairman Carlos Ghosn becomes the fourth person to get a lifetime achievement award from the Strategic Management Society, granted Oct. 8 by Jay Barney, SMS president and a business professor at the University of Utah in the United States. Learn more about it here.
- Since 2012, the Duster received 29 awards in India
- Duster, Car of the Year – Indian Car of the Year (ICOTY)
- Duster, Car of the Year, Viewers’ Choice, and SUV of the Year – Autocar and Bloomberg TV
- Duster, Car of the Year and Compact SUV of the Year; Scala, Creative TV Commercial of the Year; Pulse, Premium Hatch of the Year; and Renault India, Car Manufacturer of the Year – NDTV
- Duster, Compact SUV of the Year and Readers’ Choice for the BBC and Times of India – Top Gear
- Duster, SUV of the Year – Car India
- Duster, Compact SUV of the Year – Overdrive and CNBC-TV 18
- Duster, Car of the Year- Vicky.in, Motor Vikatan (Chennai) and Team BHP
- Duster, Car of the Year, Readers’ Choice and entry-level SUV of the Year – Zigwheels and Economic Times
- Duster, Car of the Year and Utility Vehicle of the Year; Renault Pulse, SuperMini of the Year; Renault Scala, Mid-size Sedan of the Year – AutoJunction.in
Achievements of Nissan
- Nissan has produced several memorable sports cars, including the Datsun Fairlady 1500, 1600 and 2000 Roadsters, the Z-car, an affordable sports car originally introduced in 1969; and the GT-R, a powerful all-wheel-drive sports coupe.
- In 1985, Nissan created a tuning division, Nismo, for competition and performance development of such cars. One of Nismo’s latest models is the 370Z Nismo.
- Nissan is the world’s largest electric vehicle (EV) manufacturer, with global sales of more than 275,000 all-electric vehicles as of mid-December 2016. The top-selling vehicle of the car maker’s lineup is the Nissan Leaf, an all-electric car and the world’s top-selling highway-capable plug-in electric car in history; more than 240,000 have been sold worldwide as of September 2016.[iv]
Popular Models of Renault and Nissan in India
- Micra Active
- Nissan Micra
- Nissan Sunny
- Nissan Terrano
- Nissan GTR
Datsun is an automobile brand owned by Nissan. Datsun’s original production run began in 1931. From 1958 to 1986, only vehicles exported by Nissan were identified as Datsun. By 1986 Nissan had phased out the Datsun name, but re-launched it in 2013 as the brand for low-cost vehicles manufactured for emerging markets.[v]
The Datsun name is internationally well known for the 510, Fairlady roadsters, the Fairlady (240Z) coupes, and recently, the Go hatchback.[v]
Datsun won its first Race way back in 1936. The All Japan Automobile Competition was Japan’s first motorsport series, so as a display of its emerging engineering prowess, Datsun entered a specially built racecar called the NL-75. Datsun threw everything it had at the NL-75. The open-wheeler used a supercharged DOHC engine, which was cutting-edge tech for the time. It went straight out and won the first race, thus kick-starting Nissan’s illustrious motorsports history.
Popular Datsun Models in India
Datsun Go Cross
Datsun Go Plus
Datsun Redi Go
Datsun on Do